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Penrith Town Wall

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Penereth

In the civil parish of Penrith.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY516301
Latitude 54.66410° Longitude -2.75146°

Penrith Town Wall has been described as a probable Urban Defence.

There are no visible remains.

Description

New post-Conquest medieval defensive circuits, in their final form mainly or wholly of masonry. ? Penerith; C14; Stone walls; Position largely or wholly unknown; Occasional contemporary references only, but sufficient to confirm that defences existed or were planned; no archaeological excavations of defences known. (Bond 1987)

Though it is certain that Penrith was never in a true sense fortified with rampart walls, yet there are traces of a circuit of narrow lanes extending from the castle round the town, in some parts bounded by old substantial walling, and in other places with the house gables and inclosurce so arranged as to resist at all events the entrance of mounted men. The existing names of the main streets indicate the outlets into the country, and the position of the gates or bars, of which there are five, viz., Castlegate, Middlegate, Borogate, Sandgate, Nethergate. (Taylor)

A Royal licence to crenellate was granted in 1346 April 10 (Click on the date for details of this licence.).

Comments

Licence to crenellate 1346, Murage grants received in 1346 and 1391. It is not certain how much work was done. Taylor is probably correct in suggesting much of the circuit was made of houses.
Given map reference is for parish church, which any defences should have contained within them.
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This record last updated 01/09/2016 17:58:37

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