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Botyngton

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Bodington; Boddington

In the civil parish of Boddington.
In the historic county of Gloucestershire.
Modern Authority of Gloucestershire.
1974 county of Gloucestershire.
Medieval County of Gloucestershire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SO89522565
Latitude 51.92882° Longitude -2.15410°

Botyngton has been described as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are no visible remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.

Description

BOTYNGTON, or BODINGTON, is described by Leland as "a faire maner place and a parke ; it came to one Rede, servant to the Lorde Beauchampe, that married his lord's daughter, the eldest of 3, and the Redes have it still." A licence to crenellate his mansion here was granted in the 8th Edward III. to " Johannes de Bures et Hawisia uxor ejus." The house appears to have been rebuilt since that time, but is still ancient, and surrounded by a moat. (Turner and Parker 1859)

John de Bures and Hawise were living at Boddington in 1334, when they had licence to crenellate their house there. (CPR) It may have been they who built the house called a 'fair manor place' in the 16th century, (Leland) and later described as belonging to 'the first style of building after castles were no longer necessary'. (Brayley and Britton) In 1652 the house consisted of a hall, parlour, and offices, with rooms over, built of stone and covered with stone tiles. It occupied a moated site of 2 a. (Glos. R.O., D 2025 (Blagdon), survey of Boddington manor, 1652). (VCH)

The site of an ancient monastery (Listed Building Report 1948), mentioned by Leland as "a fair manor place and park" (Leland). Relics have been found in the moat (TBGAS) of its occupation by Parliamentary forces in the Civil War, when it withstood a Royalist attack (Cox 1949). The present house is 19th.century (Listed Building Report 1948), and little now remains of the moat (Cardew 1898).
The published remains of the "moat" consist of a single slight depression which is extremely unlikely ever to have been a true moat and is probably an ornamental feature. Proof copies of VCH Glos make no mention of either a monastery or a moat here, though the manor belonged to Deerhurst Priory and later, when the Priory was alienated, to Tewkesbury Abbey (RCHM Recorder ANK 04-JUN-1969). (PastScape)

A Royal licence to crenellate was granted in 1334 Oct 22 (Click on the date for details of this licence.).

Comments

Although the moat no longer exists the dismissal of it in PastScape seems unjustified as it was well attested in the early C19. The current Listings Report makes no mention of a monastery, a moat or the licence to crenellate. It seems likely the medieval house was fairly typical of licenced houses in being moated and with decorative martial elements but not being seriously fortified, although it may well have been attacked in the Civil War.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

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Sources of information, references and further reading
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*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated before 1 February 2016

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