GATEHOUSE
The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
 
 
Home
The listings
Other Info
Books
Links
Downloads
Contact
 
Print Page 
 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Cromhall

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Crumhale

In the civil parish of Cromhall.
In the historic county of Gloucestershire.
Modern Authority of South Gloucestershire.
1974 county of Avon.
Medieval County of Gloucestershire.

OS Map Grid Reference: ST692904
Latitude 51.61209° Longitude -2.44600°

Cromhall has been described as a probable Fortified Manor House, and also as a probable Pele Tower.

There are no visible remains.

Description

William Wauton was granted a licence to crenellate cameram suam infra mansum ... Crumhale, Glouc. (His chamber in the manor) in 1311.

A Royal licence to crenellate was granted in 1311 Feb 9 (Click on the date for details of this licence.).

Comments

The term cameram is rarely used in licences to crenellate but where a building can be associated with the term it is usually a small tower house. Wauton, who seems to have been a particularly active soldier, was possibly involved in Scottish border affairs and may have being transferring border architecture to Gloucestershire. The Cromhall manor may have been newly purchased by Wauton (or newly 'granted' to him) and gave him a house near to Berkeley Castle allowing to fulfil some obscure feudal obligations to Maurice de Berkeley. Away from his main estates in Essex he may have felt more need to assert his status. The lack of remains may suggest little was built or what was built was mainly timber or thin walled.
There were two manors in medieval Cromhall. One held by the Abbey of St Augustine, Bristol was centred on Abbotside Farm. The other, Cromhall Lygon, named after later medieval subtenants comprised the rest of the manor. As such it is likely that Court Farm, directly south of the parish church, represents the site of the manor house.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
                 
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LIDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated before 1 February 2016

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact
¤¤¤¤¤