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Newark Park, Ozleworth

In the civil parish of Ozleworth.
In the historic county of Gloucestershire.
Modern Authority of Gloucestershire.
1974 county of Gloucestershire.
Medieval County of Gloucestershire.

OS Map Grid Reference: ST78109311
Latitude 51.63628° Longitude -2.31782°

Newark Park, Ozleworth has been described as a probable Fortified Manor House, and also as a probable Palace.

There are major building remains.

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law*.

Description

Former hunting lodge enlarged to private house. Built c1550 for Sir Nicholas Poyntz of Iron Acton, reputedly with stone from the destroyed Kingswood Abbey, enlarged in early C17 into H-plan, formed into square and remodelled by James Wyatt in Gothick style probably in 1790s for the Rev. Lewis Clutterbuck, service wing added 1897; bequeathed to National Trust 1949, restored since 1970. Incised render on scored ashlar with string courses and moulded plinth, with stepped buttresses to south and east and embattled parapet added by Wyatt, double range hipped slate roof with internal slopes in concrete tiles and surmounted by a dragon weathervane thought also to be c1550. Large lateral stone stack to north of original east range, ridge stack to centre of west range. Originally a rectangular block facing east with projecting stair tower on west side, of 4 storeys including half-basement. Formed into H-shape with west wing in early C17, centre formed into axial hall with semi-circular ends and axial porches by Wyatt, making a square block. Service wing added on north side, of 2 storeys and in sympathetic style. Original style remains on east front with 3 bays, centre canted out over doorway in Renaissance design with small fluted columns on tall panelled plinth, and entablature and pediment with roundel. Steps up from garden bridge entrance to former basement kitchen and original servants' quarters, and both lower storeys have 2-light stone mullions flanking central bay. Two-light stone mullion and transoms, with 2 transoms to second floor, flank central bay with 3-light in centre and additional side lights on second floor. These two floors apparently originally both only one large banqueting room, with garderobes and fireplaces on north wall still mostly surviving. Large bay window now on stairs with painted glass of late C18. South front completely remodelled by Wyatt with two 12- pane sashes on each side of central triple sash, all with square hoodmoulds, and with embattled central canted porch with pointed arches to each face, panelled reveal to central recessed half- glazed double doors with 8-pane side lights on main wall plane. West front has 12-pane sashes also. Interior retains many original features from each period if development. East range has original stone moulded Tudor fireplaces revealed on 3 floors on north wall, including large kitchen fireplace, and retains several former external windows in similar style to east front, now on internal walls. West wing has remains of vaulted long gallery on upper floor. Axis between now filled on ground floor by long hall with semi-circular ends, cross columns in scagliola, with ram's head and swag frieze all round. Several ground floor rooms also retain plasterwork by Wyatt. Cantilevered moulded stone stair with wreathed and ramped handrail and stick iron balustrade leads up from hall to east bay window and back across to west wing. Basement servants' quarters contain one stone Tudor archway, and C18 brick vaulted wash room with stone sink, bakery, laundry and wine cellar. The hunting lodge was built for one of Henry VIII's courtiers, who married into the equally wealthy Berkeley family, and is important as an early attempt at the symmetry and grandeur developed in the slightly later "high" or prodigy houses, with its Renaissance detail in particular showing its origins in the court circle of masons rather than in local traditional styles. (Listed Building Report)

With its compact plan and battlemented outline, this lodge looks like a miniaturised great tower. It is possible that such a building belonged to a longer tradition of hunting towers. Medieval buildings of this kind, however, were usual constructed in timber and there is very little evidence for their appearance. (Goodall)
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*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated before 1 February 2016

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