GATEHOUSE
The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
 
 
Home
The listings
Other Info
Books
Links
Downloads
Contact
 
Print Page 
 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Moigne Court, Owermoigne

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Ogre

In the civil parish of Owermoigne.
In the historic county of Dorset.
Modern Authority of Dorset.
1974 county of Dorset.
Medieval County of Dorset.

OS Map Grid Reference: SY771857
Latitude 50.67058° Longitude -2.32625°

Moigne Court, Owermoigne has been described as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are major building remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.
This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law*.

Description

Moated house with first floor hall. Late C13 with C16 alterations to fenestration, c 1900 south cross range on the site of original solar wing. c.1900 north east wing. Coursed rubblestone walls and stone quoins. Slate roofs with gable ends, and 1900, gable to south west. Brick stacks on ridge in from north gable end, and at ridge centre. C13 stack embrasure on west elevation, with weathering on south face chimney. Stack removed. West front, C13 block, 2 storeys. 5 windows, ground floor windows are of 3 light, with straight chamfered stone mullions one C16, remainder are C19 renewed. First floor, north end has three C13 windows, each of two trefoiled lights, with a quatrefoil in plate tracery under a 2 centred head. The head and jambs are moulded and rebated, and of Purbeck stone, the tracery is of Ham Hill stone. Internally the windows are finished with attached shafts with moulded bases and capitals carrying hollow chamfered rear arches, southern-most has an internal moulded label. The middle window has a shallow buttress-like projection of the wall below it, which may have supported the chimney breast of a hall fireplace where the window now is. The windows have C19 iron casements with horizontal glazing-bars. The gabled north end has a single stage buttress to the west, the doorway is C20. The east wall of the C13 block has a ground floor doorway, not original, with a C19 arched head. A doorway to the upper storey, C13, converted to a window. This has a moulded two centred arched head, continuous jambs and a moulded label cut away at the ends, the depressed segmental rear arch is moulded, matching the rear arch of a doorway further north. Interior: of C13 block, cross wall on the ground floor probably original. The room south of it has had a large fireplace and has probably a kitchen. Opposed doorways immediately north of the cross wall suggest a through passage, under the south end of the hall. c1903 south cross range, 2 storeys, 2 windows to west gabled wall, 2 and 3 light straight chamfered stone mullions with C19 iron casements. Front doorway at left ground has moulded jambs and 4 centred head with label over. 2 leaf door glazed is C20. South end hall has two C19 French windows. North east range, c.1900, stone with brick end wall and stack over 2 and 3 light C20 windows. C20 doors. (Listed Building Report)

Moat The now dry moat surrounding the house encloses a square area of about 2/3 acre. The much overgrown sides are 52 metres long and partially filled-in, except for the southern arm which is 1.5m - 2.5 metres deep and 15 metres wide at its top with a flat bottom 7.5 metres wide. On the north side the ditch is only 1 metre deep; the foundations of a bridge were found on this side in the 19th century.
Chapel. To the north of the moat, according to Hutchins, the foundations of a building, considered to be the remain of a chapel, were removed. Not traced by RCHM.
Earthworks To the east of the moat, "extensive remains of foundations" were discovered according to Hutchins, and beyond these lay a series of enclosures surrounded by a ditch and for a much of the perimeter by an inner bank now 1 metre high.
Excavation of this enclosure area by D J Viner and P R Walker in 1971-73 proved that the ditch had been re-cut at least twice and part of one central platform was constructed of limestone and chalk. A stone wall, almost totally robbed, showed evidence that slight timber buildings, possibly open-sided lean-to structures, had been aligned along its north face. On the south a post-hole pattern suggested similar structures. Excavation of a second platform revealed a robbed stone-walled building with chalk floor, about 36m x 8 metres which probably served as a cow-shed or stable. At right angles to this building and separated by a cobbled yard was another stone-walled structure some 27m x 7 metres and divided into a screens-passage, hall, closet, "parlour" and kitchen. The building was identified as the main living-house of a Tudor yeoman farmer which had been constructed in the early 16th century and extensively robbed by the late 17th/early 18th centuries. A stable annexe to the north of the building had accommodated the household riding horses.
Large quantities of 3rd and 4th century pottery and some building debris were found in a 'sondage' (deep trench to investigate stratigraphy) about 100 metres south east of the yeoman farmer's house, and suggested that a substantial structure, possibly a villa, stood in this part of the field. Further evidence of Romano-British material was found sealed beneath the floor of the yeoman farmer's house and included quantities of painted wall plaster, pegged roof-tiles and other building debris; this had apparently been used as packing for the foundations of the yeoman's house in the early 16th century.
Other features Two, almost rectangular, flat-topped mounds at SY 77008573 and SY 77008567 measuring 3ft and 5ft respectively are of unknown purpose. To the north west of the moat surrounding Moigne Court are four fish ponds set round a rhomboidal area, that were probably once joined by a channel with sluices. Leats from a stream 100 yds to the west once fed and drained them (RCHME).
The moat is generally as described, and is partly water-filled on the south, but now very overgrown.
The alleged site of the chapel (SY 77078578) lies in a vegetable garden; there is no evidence of a building.
Of the four fish-ponds to the north-west of the house, three are water-filled and surrounded by dense vegetation.
The mound noted by RCHM at SY 77008573, ('A'), has been virtually levelled; that at SY 77008567, ('B'), is 18.0m in diameter, 1.5m high and tree-covered. Two additional mounds at SY 76928571, ('C'), and SY 76978571, ('D'), are each 9.0m in diameter and 1.0m high. No date or purpose can be ascribed to any of these mounds.
The site of the sixteenth-century yeoman's farmhouse and the Romano-British occupation and possible villa site lie in the field centred SY 772857 to the east of the house.
Most of the earthworks shown on OS 25" 1902 and RCHM plan have been levelled and the site of the excavation is not identifiable. The major identifiable remains include a bank and ditch (SY 77148578 - SY 77218577), building platforms at SY 77118577 and SY 77158568, and a linear bank (SY 77138577 - SY 77138570). The large bank on the south side of the field may be connected with the earthworks in Bartlett's Coppice (SY 78 NE 20).
The field centred at SY 76938577 is bounded on the north, West and South by banks up to 9.0m wide and 1.0m high. A similar bank runs parallel to Castle Lane on its north side. Their date and purpose are uncertain (F2 JGB 25-JAN-80)
The linear earthworks to the W of Moigne Court appear to have been formerly integrated into a leat system - traces of sluices still survive - and may possibly represent the remains of an early post-Medieval stew-pond system or formal ?water-garden layout (F3 JWS 01-FEB-80). (PastScape)

Grant, at the instance of Queen Eleanor, to William le Moyne that he may close and strengthen his house at Ogre, Co. Dorset, with a good dyke and stone wall, but without making crenellations. (CPR)

A licence, specifically for uncrenellated defences, was granted in 1267 Feb 25 (Click on the date for details of this licence.).

Comments

Interesting and rare grant to fortify a house without crenellations. Crenellations, of themselves, do not add any strength to fortifications, especially in house with minimal garrisons. Their function, in such house, is almost entirely symbolic. This house was as strongly fortified as most crenellated houses which is that it was defensible against thieves, with its moat and wall, but not fortified.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling   Listing   I. O. E.
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LIDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated before 1 February 2016

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact
¤¤¤¤¤