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Freshwater Manor

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Fresshewater

In the civil parish of Freshwater.
In the historic county of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight.
Modern Authority of Isle of Wight.
1974 county of Isle of Wight.
Medieval County of Hampshire, Isle of Wight.

OS Map Grid Reference: SZ346873
Latitude 50.68437° Longitude -1.51025°

Freshwater Manor has been described as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are no visible remains.

Description

Egidius de Bello Campo (Giles Beauchamp) granted a licence to crenellate his 'mansum' at Fresshewater, Insula Vectis in 1342.

A Royal licence to crenellate was granted in 1342 March 23 (Click on the date for details of this licence.).

Comments

As with many Isle of Wight parishes there were several manors in the medieval parish of Freshwater. This seems to have been the prime manor and, presumably, the manor was by the parish church at the given map reference. Freshwater, on the far west of the island, is almost an island and is natural defended by the River Yar and its associated marsh (presumably large and more of a barrier in the days before modern field drainage). The parish church and, presumed, manor house are situated at the entrance to this 'island' (a road caused 'The Causeway'). The church was mentioned in the Domesday Book and the original manor house was also, presumable, of pre-Conquest origin. The location might be described as defensive, although the location makes it an administrative focus. There is nothing, other than the licence to crenellate, to suggest the C14 manor house was a defensive structure, although it may well have had decorative battlements. The tenurial history of the manor is complex with many exchanges in the year before and after 1342. The licence most probably represents a reward for service but may have been requested as a way of securing tenure.
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This record last updated before 1 February 2016

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