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Cissbury Ring Burh

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Cissbury Knot

In the civil parish of Worthing.
In the historic county of Sussex.
Modern Authority of West Sussex.
1974 county of West Sussex.
Medieval County of Sussex (Rape of Bramber).

OS Map Grid Reference: TQ13950805
Latitude 50.86074° Longitude -0.38228°

Cissbury Ring Burh has been described as a Urban Defence although is doubtful that it was such.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Hillfort of probable Iron Age date enclosing an area of circa 60 acres. The ramparts partially enclose Neolithic flint mines. (PastScape)

Bond list this as a C11 Anglo-Saxon Burh.

It has been suggested that Cissbury was once the site of a Saxon mint. Coins bearing the mint signatures Sithe, Sithsteb and Sithmes have been found on coins of Ethelred II and Cnut (1009-1023) and by their distribution it is thought that they were minted in an area between Lewes and Chichester. The use of old forts for mints is not unknown, when nearby mints are moved there during dangerous times, though there has been no archaeological confirmation of the mint at Cissbury. (Sussex Archaeology and Folklore online)

A mint of itself was not a large operation and the extensive excavations of Cissbury could have missed it but mints are usually found in association with high status residences or, as it seems Bond is assuming, an urban site and it seems unlikely that evidence of substantive Saxon occupation would have been missed. However it appears to be argued the mint was an emergency and temporary construction. It seems likely that Cissbury lacked a sufficiently good water supply to be a residential base, particularly during the relatively warm period of the C11-C13. Wherever the location of the Sithe mint it seems unlikely Cissbury was a Saxon urban centre.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:01

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