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Manningtree Town Defences

In the civil parish of Manningtree.
In the historic county of Essex.
Modern Authority of Essex.
1974 county of Essex.
Medieval County of Essex.

OS Map Grid Reference: TM10673188
Latitude 51.94602° Longitude 1.06373°

Manningtree Town Defences has been described as a probable Urban Defence.

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains.


A planted small town, possibly enclosed, intended as a new commercial port, but which also became a leading fishing port supplying Colchester. The layout of the town suggests some form of planning based on the market in the High Street and the Quay. The diversion of South Street immediately S of the town has not been satisfactorily explained. (PastScape – ref Eddy, 1983)

Examination of groundworks on the western side of the junction of South Street and North Street revealed a substantial stone wall of uncertain date. It has been suggested that the dog-leg plan of South Street on the southern side of the town may have been caused by the presence of a town enclosure ditch at that point. This has yet to be proved, but the medieval town was certainly quite compact in nature indicating again that it was enclosed in some form. (Unlocking Essex's Past)

The modern street plan is suggestive, with South Street marking the western town boundary and York Street the southern. However the actual existence of defences and their nature is unproven. The modern street called The Walls must refer to sea defences rather than town walls.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:06

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