A comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales and the Islands.
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List of the medieval fortified sites of the historic county of Essex

Questionable or Doubtful
Confidence is a statement of the site as a medieval fortification or palace
Alternative Name(s)
Apechilde Abchilde; parc de Abchildeswode; Absol Park; Absolpark; Udecheshale; Chignal Smealy Fortified Manor House earthwork
Beaulieu Palace, Boreham New Hall; Convent and School of the Cannonesses of the Holy Sepulchre; Walkfares Palace , Fortified Manor House masonry ruins/remnants
Beckingham Hall Mauger Fortified Manor House major building
Berden Bishops Manor Berdon Palace no visible
Berden; The Crump Stock Farm, Stock's Farm Timber Castle earthwork
Berden; The Rookery Cumber Hills Timber Castle no visible
Birch Castle Timber Castle cropmark/slight earthwork
Braintree Bishops Palace Chapel Hill; Parsonage Farm Palace no visible
Brightlingsea Artillery Fort no visible
Brymshoo New Hall Purleigh Fortified Manor House earthwork
Bulmer Tye Pepper Mill Hill Peppermint Hill Timber Castle earthwork
Canfield Castle, Great Canfield Castle Canfield Timber Castle earthwork
Castle Hedingham Town Ditch Urban Defence earthwork
Chipping Ongar Town Defences Urban Defence cropmark/slight earthwork
Chrishall Park Wood Timber Castle cropmark/slight earthwork
Clavering Castle Timber Castle , Masonry Castle earthwork
Colchester Castle Masonry Castle major building
Colchester Town Wall Urban Defence major building
Copford Hall Palace no visible
Depeden Depden; Debden Fortified Manor House no visible
Down Hall Motte Timber Castle cropmark/slight earthwork
East Tilbury Blockhouse, Coalhouse Point Tylbery; the old Blockhouse; Tilberie Nesse Artillery Fort cropmark/slight earthwork
Elmdon Castle Grove Elmdonbury Timber Castle earthwork
Faulkbourne Hall Falkbourne; Falkeburn Fortified Manor House major building
Gidea Hall Gydihall by Ramford Fortified Manor House no visible
Grays Graies Artillery Fort no visible
Great Easton Castle Timber Castle earthwork
Great Stambridge South Church Hall Fortified Manor House earthwork
Hadleigh Castle Hatheleg; Hadleg Masonry Castle masonry ruins/remnants
Harlowbury Abbots Palace Harlowbury House Palace masonry ruins/remnants
Harwich Castle Herewiche Masonry Castle , Urban Defence no visible
Harwich Town Defences Herewycz Urban Defence no visible
Harwich; The Blockhouse of the Tower Harwich Castle, The Castle Tower Artillery Fort no visible
Harwich; The Bulwark upon the Hill Beacon Hill, Queen's Mount, Dunn Bulwark Artillery Fort no visible
Harwich; The Middle House Middle Bulwark Artillery Fort no visible
Havering Palace Havering-atte-Bower Palace no visible
Hedingham Castle Hengham; Hedningham; Heningham; Henham; Haingeham; Hingeham Timber Castle , Masonry Castle major building
Heron Hall, East Horndon Herrons Hall; Finde-Fyndegode(s)hurne; Hern(e); Findgods Heron Fortified Manor House earthwork
Ingatestone Hall Ingat Stone alias Ging ad Petram; Inge Petre Hall Fortified Manor House major building
Kelvedon Abbots Palace Knights Templars Terrace; Old Red Lion; The White Lion Palace earthwork
Killegrews, Margaretting Shenfields Fortified Manor House masonry ruins/remnants
King Johns Palace, Writtle Writele Palace , Fortified Manor House earthwork
Layer Marney Tower Fortified Manor House major building
Little Easton Moat Timber Castle cropmark/slight earthwork
Maldon Moot Hall D'Arcy Tower Fortified Town House masonry ruins/remnants
Maldon Town Walls Maldun Urban Defence no visible
Manhale Manhall, Emanuel Wood, Emmanuel Wood, Paddocks Wood Fortified Manor House uncertain
Manningtree Town Defences Urban Defence cropmark/slight earthwork
Mersea Stone, East Mersea Mersea Island, Cudmore Grove; East Mersey Artillery Fort earthwork
Mount Bures Timber Castle earthwork
Mount Bures Village Enclosure Urban Defence cropmark/slight earthwork
Navestock Side, Bentley Timber Castle no visible
Netherhall, Roydon Nether Hall Fortified Manor House masonry ruins/remnants
Newport Castle, Essex Wigingamere Timber Castle , Masonry Castle , Urban Defence no visible
Ongar Castle Angra; Angre Timber Castle , Masonry Castle earthwork
Orsett, Bishop Bonners Palace Timber Castle , Palace earthwork
Pebmarsh Manor House Fortified Manor House no visible
Pleshey Castle The Mount; Plaisy; Plessy; Pleasing; Tumblestoun; Castel de Placeto; Pleisiz Timber Castle , Masonry Castle earthwork
Pleshey Town Defences Urban Defence earthwork
Plumberow Mount, Hockley Timber Castle earthwork
Purfleet Pourfleete Artillery Fort no visible
Purleigh Mount Timber Castle earthwork
Pyrgo Palace Pirgo Palace; Pergoe Palace no visible
Rayleigh Mount Rayleigh Castle Timber Castle , Masonry Castle earthwork
Rayleigh Town Defences Urban Defence no visible
Rickling Hall Motte Timber Castle earthwork
Saffron Walden Castle Bury Hill; Waldena Masonry Castle masonry ruins/remnants
Saffron Walden Town Defences Repell Ditches, Battle Ditches; Magnum Fossatum Urban Defence cropmark/slight earthwork
Sheering Hall Ringwork Timber Castle earthwork
St Anns, Great Leighs St Annes; Leigh Uncertain no visible
St Clements Grays 1 Artillery Fort no visible
St Osyth Blockhouse Artillery Fort no visible
Stanstead Hall, Halstead Stanstede; Stansted Fortified Manor House no visible
Stansted Hall, Stansted Mountfitchet Palace no visible
Stansted Mountfitchet Castle Stansted Mount Fitchet; Stansted Castle; Mountfitchet Castle Timber Castle , Masonry Castle earthwork
Stebbing; The Mount Timber Castle earthwork
Terling Place Ringers Farmhouse Palace no visible
Thorndon Old Hall, West Horndon West Thorndon; West Horndon Fortified Manor House cropmark/slight earthwork
Tilbury Town Defences Urban Defence no visible
Waltham Abbey Fortified Ecclesiastical site masonry ruins/remnants
Wanstead House Wanstead Hall Palace no visible
West Tilbury Blockhouse, Tilbury Fort The Hermitage Bulwark; Thermitage Bullwark; Johne's Bulwark; Tylbery Artillery Fort , Chain Tower no visible
Wickham Bishops Bishops Palace Palace masonry ruins/remnants
Witham Blunts Hall Timber Castle , Fortified Manor House earthwork
Witham Town Defences Wulvesford; Withambury; Burgate Field; Rivenhall End; Chippinghill; Clipping Hill Camp Urban Defence uncertain
Wivenhoe Hall Wyvenhoo; Wyuenhoo Fortified Manor House no visible
Bannister Green Quakers Mount Timber Castle cropmark/slight earthwork
Barling Magna Brimstone Hill Timber Castle earthwork
Bocking Mill Hill Timber Castle earthwork
Dunmow Castle Uncertain no visible
East Ham Hall Estham Fortified Manor House no visible
Great Ilford Lavender Mount Uphall Camp Timber Castle , Urban Defence cropmark/slight earthwork
Harlow Mill Latton; Stanegrove Hill Timber Castle cropmark/slight earthwork
High Roothing New Hall Newhall-Jocelyn Fortified Manor House earthwork
Little Sampford Moat Timber Castle earthwork
Littlebury, The Gatehouse Palace no visible
Magdalen Laver mound Timber Castle earthwork
Maldon Mountfield mound Timber Castle cropmark/slight earthwork
Marshalls House mound, Romford Timber Castle no visible
Navestock Slades Timber Castle earthwork
Portingbury Hills Beggarshall Coppice Timber Castle earthwork
Prittlewell Camp Pritwell; Fossets Mounds, Smithers Farm; The Look Out Timber Castle earthwork
Queen Elizabeths Hunting Lodge, Chingford Great Standing; Great Standynge Palace major building
Rowley Hill, Sturmer Timber Castle earthwork
St Osyth siegework Siege Work uncertain
Steeple Timber Castle no visible
Suncastre Pandal Wood; Pandole Wood; Surecastre Timber Castle earthwork
Willingale Doe Willingdale; Torrells Hall Timber Castle earthwork

This listing was last updated on Tuesday, April 18, 2017

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