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High Wycombe, Castle Hill House

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Keep Hill; Wycumbam

In the civil parish of High Wycombe.
In the historic county of Buckinghamshire.
Modern Authority of Buckinghamshire.
1974 county of Buckinghamshire.
Medieval County of Buckinghamshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SU86719323
Latitude 51.63141° Longitude -0.74864°

High Wycombe, Castle Hill House has been described as a probable Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Mount in the garden of Castle Hill House, on the slope of a hill overlooking the town, about 350' OD. The work in its present state consists only of the mount which appears from its unusual form (a crescent) to have been partly destroyed. It is 30' high and 128' in diam, at its base. The summit is 17' in diameter. In an ancient Heralds Book in the Bodleian Library is contained a return of all the Royal Castles in England which includes Wycombe. The castle was apparently an appurtenance of the Manor of Temple Wycombe and held by Robert de Vipont as lord of the manor in the reign of King John. Suggestions that there is an associated ringwork are probably confused with later landscaping of the area. (PastScape)

Watching briefs in the 1990's failed to find evidence of a ditch or medieval material and a watching brief in 2004 produced some C17 pottery and 'made up layers' and on this bases the mound is is now suggested as a prospect mound. This seems flimsy evidence for dismissing a long tradition backed up with some documentation although there is, of course, no reason why this motte could not have has some use (including some landscaping alteration) as a prospect mound. The documentary evidence may actually refer to Desborough Castle.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:02

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