In 1348 Feb 6, Radulphus, Baro de Stafford (Ralph, Baron of Stafford) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 22 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Madlee (Old Madeley Manor)
Licence for Ralph, baron of Stafford, to crenellate his dwelling-places of Stafford and Madlee and make castles of them. By p.s. (CPR)
Radulphus, Baro de Stafford ... mansum ... Madlee. (Turner and Parker)
the King granted for himself and heirs to Ralph Baron of Stafford licence to fortify and crenellate his "manses" of Stafford and Madlee with a wall of a stone and lime, and to make castles thereof, and hold those "manses" so fortified and crenellated and made into castles to himself and his heirs for ever. (Mazzinghi)
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 455n24; n41 Armitage, Ella, 1912, The Early Norman Castles of the British Isles (London: John Murray) p. 215 online copy Mazzinghi, T.J., 1887, 'History of the Manor and Parish of Castre, or Castle Church' Collections for a History of Staffordshire Vol. 8 part 2 p. 80-1 online copy Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 415 online copy
Stafford, Ralph, first earl of Stafford (13011372)
Ralph Stafford (1301-1372), soldier and magnate. Had severed successfully in France and won much booty. Also seneschal of Gascony and held other royal appointments. Was made Earl of Stafford in 1351.
Biographical source include;
Carole Rawcliffe, Sept 2004, Stafford, Ralph, first earl of Stafford (13011372) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press) online edn, May 2006 online copy (subscription may be needed)
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.