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Crofton 'castelgate'

In the civil parish of Crofton.
In the historic county of Yorkshire.
Modern Authority of Wakefield.
1974 county of West Yorkshire.
Medieval County of Yorkshire West Riding.

OS Map Grid Reference: SE377179
Latitude 53.65712° Longitude -1.43029°

Crofton 'castelgate' has been described as a Timber Castle although is doubtful that it was such.

There are no visible remains.


Possible Early Castle
Situation: The NGR is approximate, based on place-name evidence.
Preservation: No extant remains (see below).
Description: Marginal place-name evidence suggests the possible existence of a now vanished early castle site at Crofton. The name ‘Castelgate’ is recorded in the 12th century Nostell Chartulary, although there is no evidence of any such site on the ground. (Creighton 1998)

Crofton School, at SE377179, is on the site of Crofton Old Hall, which was a C18 building but, presumably the site of the medieval manorial centre.
The relevant entry in the Nostell Cartulary is dated as 'before 1264'. The 'gate' here is probably Danish gata meaning road and this grant of a roda in Castelgate mentioned would likely refer to a rod (16.5 feet) wide strip of land facing onto a road. The 'castel' of this road is, in the opinion of Gatehouse, likely to be the medieval manor house, probably not significantly fortified, but having the same administrative and legal function as most castles.
Not to be confused with Crofton Castle (aka Crofton Towers at SE388179), a C19 house demolished in 2004.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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This record last updated 15/08/2017 15:56:55

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