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Sowerby Pudding Pie Hill

In the civil parish of Sowerby.
In the historic county of Yorkshire.
Modern Authority of North Yorkshire.
1974 county of North Yorkshire.
Medieval County of Yorkshire North Riding.

OS Map Grid Reference: SE437810
Latitude 54.22305° Longitude -1.33124°

Sowerby Pudding Pie Hill has been described as a Timber Castle although is doubtful that it was such.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.

Description

bowl barrow which is situated on the east bank of the Cod Beck river 650m south-east of St Oswald's Church and lies on the edge of an area of high ground adjacent to the floodplain of the river. The mound is 40m in diameter and the summit is about 3m above the high-ground to the east and rises to 6m above the floodplain. A slight irregular hollow at the top of the mound is thought to be the result of a partial excavation of the barrow by Lady Russell in 1855. Three male skeletons and some cremated bones were found along with a number of Anglian weapons; these burials represent a re-use of the mound for burials in the Dark Ages and it is thought that Prehistoric burials, interred when the mound was built, were not disturbed by the excavators. The barrow is surrounded by a ditch which cuts into the hillside to the south-east of the mound and is between 5m and 10m wide by up to 1.5m deep, while on the north-west side the ditch lies on the floodplain and is now 0.5m deep, having become silted-up over the years. The low-lying parts of the ditch are partially waterlogged. There is a slight 1m wide outer bank on the edge of the ditch on the floodplain. The ditch and outer bank have been incorporated into later field boundaries. (Scheduling Report)

Situation: The site is raised upon, and partially scarped from the edge of an area of high ground immediately east of Cod Beck, c. 300m east of the village of Sowerby; the feature sites at the heart of an area of prehistoric(?) field boundaries identified from aerial photography on the slopes either side of Cod Beck. Thirsk Castle lies c. 1.5km to the north - Pudding Pie Hill is possibly an associated defensive work.
Preservation: The earthwork is well preserved under permanent pasture.
Description: Pudding Pie Hill is a circular mound with a base diameter of c. 52m, artificially raised c. 3m above the ground to the east and standing c. 6m above the flood-plain of Cod Beck. The summit of the feature is slightly hollowed, due to excavation. It is surrounded by a ditch between c. 5-10m wide, and c. 1.5m deep to the east, although less than c. 0.5m deep to the west, where there are vestiges of an external counterscarp bank. Other than a motte, the site has been interpreted (and scheduled) as a bowl barrow.
Excavation: Small-scale excavation on the summit of the mound by Lady Russell under the auspices of the Yorkshire Antiquarian Club in 1855 revealed three male inhumations (one with Anglian weaponry), a quantity of cremated bone, a number of early medieval weapons, and a quantity of Roman coins and pottery, whilst animal bones were recovered from another - unspecified - part of the mound. (Creighton 1998)
Comments

The North Yorkshire SMR (Now the NYCC HER) record writes 'Pacitto suggests that although scheduled as a round barrow this site may represent a small motte.' unfortunately it does not identify 'Pacitto' in the online record Gatehouse suspects Pacitto was an OS archaeologist. The location, near a river crossing but on the opposite side of the river from Sowerby is not conclusive, but the location of so many footpaths centering on the hill is suggestive. Flooding, agriculture and modern road workings will have effected any possible associated earthworks, such as a bailey. The name Pudding Pie hill may suggest the original form of the hill as domed and fairly steep sided rather more like a motte than a barrow. However, the site must remain doubtful as a medieval fortification.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

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This record last updated 15/04/2017 08:51:52

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