GATEHOUSE
The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
 
 
Home
The listings
Other Info
Books
Links
Downloads
Contact
 
Print Page 
 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Buckland moat

In the civil parish of Buckland.
In the historic county of Hertfordshire.
Modern Authority of Hertfordshire.
1974 county of Hertfordshire.
Medieval County of Hertfordshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: TL35773378
Latitude 51.98615° Longitude -0.02428°

Buckland moat has been described as a probable Timber Castle, and also as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are earthwork remains.

Description

Fragment of a circular homestead moat, SW of the church. Visible on APs. OS field visit of 1973 records the moat as infilled, 'its course being defined by a darker growth of grass within a pasture field' Filled in 20 or more years ago. At the time of the visit, there was a circular area in the field where the grass did not protrude through the snow. 1st edition OS maps, and APs taken in 1947, show a large and almost perfectly circular feature (labelled 'track of moat' on the 1878 map), with a wide entrance to the NW, at this location. All the photographs show a substantial internal feature, and two appear to show further earthworks adjacent and to the north. This site has been interpreted as a homestead moat since the early 20C, but these earthworks suggest a more complex site, and possibly a defensive site, such as a small motte and bailey, or ringwork. Approximately 20m to the east/north east, alongside the road, is an extant waterfilled roadside pond, which OS mapping and photographic evidence suggests may be the slight remains of a moat (Hertfordshire HER)
Comments

Located in village by church and certainly seems higher status than a 'homestead moat'. Held for a knights fee service at Tonge Castle. Although a relatively small manor sub-tenanted manor there was a market here and the location on Ermine Street must have been good for trade. Members of the Buckland family held royal positions in the C13. The history and status of the manor and family are certainly consistent with a fortified manor house in the C13 and could have been a small timber castle in the early C12 or even earlier (the place-name Buckland Bury may be suggestive of a thegnal burh). Whether this was a castle or just a manorial complex is a question worth investigation although that question itself may suggest a false differentiation between castle and manor house.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER            
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LIDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated before 1 February 2016

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact
¤¤¤¤¤