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Burgh by Sands Tower of Radulph Wallensis

In the civil parish of Burgh By Sands.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY307591
Latitude 54.92253° Longitude -3.08171°

Burgh by Sands Tower of Radulph Wallensis has been described as a probable Pele Tower.

There are no visible remains.


One of two possible towers mentioned in C13 manuscript 'Adam f. Dermann grants to Holm abbey land in Burgh named Buttes, near the tower (turellum) of Radulph Wallensis on the east, with the tower occupied by Andrew the chaplain...' Suggest that these might be milecastles on Hadrians Wall, but other grants make it clear that these towers were near Dykesfield at the west end of Burgh. (Perriam and Robinson 1998)

Adam f. Dermann grants to Holm abbey land in Burgh named Buttes, near the tower (turellum) of Radulph Wallensis on the east, with the tower occupied by Andrew the chaplain. (Adam and Radulph witnessed 1234–36 (C. & W. Trans. n.s. xxvi, 542) and Peter, vicar of Burgh, was 'then dean.'). (Grainger and Collingwood 1929)

Presumably Perriam and Robinson excluded this as being Burgh Castle on the east of the village. The actual social status of Radulph Wallensis is not clear and if his home was the Roman Milecastle repaired to be made habitable he could well have been of fairly lowly social status, although he was important enough to witness other documents and had land for which he paid a rent of 2lb of wax a year (he was a farmer, in the original sense of someone who paid a ferm or fee although, certainly, he was also involved in agriculture).
Map reference is for Dykesfield as marked on the modern map. The site of Milecastle 73 on Watch Hill is at NY309593.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:52

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