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In 1311 May 28, Nicholaus de Sancto Mauro (Nicholas Seymour) was granted, by Edward II, (In year 4 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Eton Meysi (Castle Eaton)
Licence to Nicholas de Sancto Mauro to crenellate his dwelling-house of Eton Meysi, co. Wilts. By p.s. (CPR)

Nicholaus de Sancto Mauro ... mansum suum ... Eton Meysi, Wiltes. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Berwick-on-Tweed. Grant by privy seal.


This licence may be to bring Nicholas (and his wife) in line with Robert Holland (who's wife was the sister of Nicholas wife.)

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Nicholas Seymour (b.<1273 d. 1316)
Nicholas appears to be the first Lord St Maur, although he summonded to parliament for the first time in 1314. He had served in in retinue of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, during Edward I's Scottish wars. Like Robert Holland he seems to have been a particular retainer of the Earl's and the two men were married to sisters, the co-heiresses to the estate of Alan la Zouche.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.