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In 1311 April 2, Johannes de Sandale, clericus (John Sandal) was granted, by Edward II, (In year 4 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Whetele (Wheatley Hall)
Licence to John de Sandale, king's clerk, to crenellate his dwelling house of Whetele, co. York. By p.s. (CPR)

Johannes de Sandale, clericus ... mansum suum ... Whetele, Ebor. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Berwick-on-Tweed. Grant by privy seal.


Now lost Wheatley Hall for which a licence to crenellate was granted to John Sandal in 1311.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Sandale, John (c.1274–1319)
Sandale was a clerk both of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln (d. 1311), for whom he acted as executor, and of Edward I and Edward II. He began his administrative career in the royal wardrobe, as controller to the keeper (1295), but soon migrated to the exchequer... With Edward II's accession in 1307 Sandale became chancellor of the exchequer (20 August) and rented a house at Aldgate in London, but on 20 May in the following year he was dismissed, allegedly because of royal hatred for the earl of Lincoln. But he succeeded Walter Reynolds (d. 1327) as treasurer on 6 July 1310, and served until 23 October 1311... A notable pluralist, Sandale was at one time chancellor of St Patrick's, Dublin, treasurer of Lichfield, and dean of St Paul's with prebends in Dublin, Beverley, Wells, Lincoln, London, York, and Glasgow, as well as ten rectories from Chalk in Kent (worth £20) to Dunbar in Scotland (worth £240).

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.