The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1291 Oct 19, Laurenc. de Ludelawe [Lodelawe] (Laurence de Ludlow) was granted, by Edward I, (In year 19 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Stoke-say [Stok Say] (Stokesay Castle)
Licence for Lawrence de Lodelawe to strengthen his dwelling-house of Stok Say, co. Salop, with a wall of stone and lime, and to crenellate the same. (CPR)

Laurenc. de Ludelawe ... mansum ... Stoke-say, Salop. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Hereford.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Henry Summerson, ‘Ludlow , Lawrence of (d. 1294)
Ludlow (Lodelowe), Lawrence of (d. 1294), merchant had loaned the King money before 1291. His financial skill was also later used by Edward I when he assisted in devising ways of raising money in 1294.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.