The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1291 Sept 20, Brianus filius Alani (Brian fitz Alan III) was granted, by Edward I, (In year 19 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Kilwardeby (Killerby Castle)
Licence for Brian son of Alan to strengthen with a wall of stone and lime and crenellate his dwelling-house of Kilwardeby, co. York. (CPR)

Brianus filius Alani ... mansum ... Kilwardeby, Ebor. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Devizes.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Brain Fitz Alan (d. 1306)
Brain Fitz Alan (d. 1306) was on the King's service in Wales in 1277 and 1287. He was appointed a guardian in Scotland, 13 June 1291, and was Constable of the castles of Roxburgh and Jedburgh from 4 Aug 1291 to 18 Nov 1292, and of those of Dundee and Forfar. He was present at the assemblies held at Berwick in Oct and Nov 1292, to discuss the various claims to the Crown of Scotland, and, as a Guardian of Scotland, was one of those commanded to give seizin of that kingdom to John de Baliol. In July 1297 he was appointed a Captain for the defence of Northumberland, and on 18 Oct following, a Keeper of the march of Scotland. He was constituted Keeper of Scotland, at a yearly salary of 2,000 marks, 18 Aug 1297, and was at the battle of Falkirk in Jul 1298, as well as the siege of Carlaverock in Jul 1300. He was summoned to Parliament from 24 Jun 1295 to 22 Jan 1304/05, whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzAlan.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.