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In 1291 Nov 11, Johannes, Archiepiscopus Ebor (John le Romeyn; John Romanus) was granted, by Edward I, (In year 19 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Parva Cumpton (Little Compton)
Licence for the said archbishop to strengthen his dwelling-house {mansum} of Little Cumpton, co. Gloucester, with a wall of stone and lime, and to crenellate the same. (CPR)

Johannes, Archiepiscopus Ebor ... mansum ... Parva Cumpton, Glouc. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Worcester.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Romanus, John (John le Romeyn) (c.1230–1296), archbishop of York
Romanus, John (John le Romeyn) (c.1230–1296), archbishop of York, was the illegitimate son of another John Romanus (d. 1255/6), an Italian ecclesiastic who settled in England. He was involved in some diplomatic missions for Edward I, but does not appear to have been actively concerned with the royal administration. (Smith)
His father had suffered some attacks in 1231-2, as an Italian beneficed in England and John was hot tempered and had disputes with other churchmen, including Antony Bek, bishop of Durham 'a dispute that led Romanus into difficulties with the king, temporary imprisonment, and the threat of a fine of 4000 marks to keep him under control' (Smith).
The licence may actually reflect part of the resolution of these difficulties with the king. This also seems to be a private house of Romanus, rather than an episcopal property, so part of the licence may be to assert this ownership. The house did not become part of the holdings of later archbishops of York

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.