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In 1290 Oct 30, Petrus Episcopus Exon (Bishop Peter Quinel; Quivil) was granted, by Edward I, (In year 18 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Exon (Exeter Episcopal Palace and Cathedral Close)
Licence for Peter, bishop of Exeter, to strengthen with a wall and to crenellate his Exeter house. (CPR)

Petrus Episcopus Exon ... mansum ... Exon, Devon. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Clipstone.


Licences to crenellate granted to Bishop Peter Quinel in 1290 and Bishop Walter Stapledon in 1322.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Quinil (Quivil), Peter (c.1230–1291), bishop of Exeter
Quinil (Quivil), Peter (c.1230–1291), bishop of Exeter had little contact with the Royal court and spent most of his time in his see.

In 1281, one of the canons, John Pycot, was elected dean in dubious circumstances. Quinil refused to recognize him, inaugurating a struggle between his own supporters, led by the precentor Walter of Lechlade, and those of Pycot. The latter had the backing of Archbishop John Pecham, whose relations with Quinil were generally poor. On 10 November 1283 Lechlade was murdered outside the cathedral on his way to matins. Nineteen local clergy and laity were implicated in the deed, and Edward I visited Exeter in December 1285 to see that justice was done. The mayor and four other laymen were hanged; Pycot, deprived of the deanery, retired to a monastery. On 1 January 1286 the king gave permission for the cathedral close to be surrounded by walls and gates to protect the clergy at night. The gates remained until the nineteenth century, symbolizing the uneasy relationship between the city and the cathedral. (ODNB)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.