In 1379 July 26, Johannes d' Arundell, miles (John Darundell; Sir John Fitzalan) was granted, by Richard II, (In year 3 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Bechesworth (Betchworth Castle)
Licence for the king's kinsman, John Darundell, knight, to crenellate his dwelling-house of Bechesworth, co. Surrey, to enclose his wood of Herteswode, and to impark 360 acres of land adjacent thereto. By p.s. (CPR)
Johannes d' Arundell, miles ... mansum ... Bechesworth, Surr. (Turner and Parker)
Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.
also enclose his wood of Herteswode and impark 360 acres of adjacent land.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1895, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1377-81) p. 380 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses Vol. 3 (Cambridge) p. 440 King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 467n15 (date 1377) Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 418 online copy
John FitzAlan, (D' Arundel) 1st Baron Arundel (c. 1348 December 16, 1379)
John FitzAlan, (D' Arundel) 1st Baron Arundel (c. 1348 December 16, 1379) was a Marshal of England. He died a few months later commanding a naval force supposedly bring relief to the Duke of Brittany. His relationship to the king was distant and the mention of his kinship is an honourific. This licence given before the expedition set off, at a time when Arundel did not restrain his men and they were involved in theft and rape and abduction of nuns.