In 1363 Jan 6, Robert de Corby (Robert Corby) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 36 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Boghton Malherbe (Coldbridge Castle, Boughton Malherbe)
Grant, of Special Grace, to Robert de Corby, king's yeoman, that within his manor of Boghton Malherbe, co. Kent, may fortify a certain place with a wall of stone and mortar, crenellate it and make a fortress (fortalicium) thereof, and may hold the said fortress so made to him and his heirs without let or hindrance of the king and his heirs or any their ministers; grant also to the said Robert and his heirs of free warren in all their demense lands within the manor aforesaid. By p.s. (CChR)
Granted at Windsor. Grant by privy seal.
A licence was also granted in 1313.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1916, Calendar of Charter Rolls Vol. 5 p. 174 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Coulson, Charles, 2007-8, 'On Crenellating, in Kent and Beyond - A Retrospection' The Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 21 p. 189-201 esp p. 196-7 Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses Vol. 3 (Cambridge) p. 439
Robert de Corby
Robert de Corby, clearly in the king's service but not in any major role. In a early C15 copy of a charter of 1357 (John Rylands Library R.57429) he appears to be described as lord of Lyndon, presumably some manor in Kent but does not appear to be Linton. A family of minor gentry, a later Corby was a MP for Kent in a parliament of Richard II.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.