In 1345 June 4, Robertus de Hagerston (Robert Hagerston, Robert Haggerston) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 19 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Hagerston (Haggerston Castle)
Licence for Robert de Hagerston, king's yeoman, to crenellate his dwelling-place of Hagerston, co. Northumberland. By p.s. (CPR)
Robertus de Hagerston ... mansum ... Hagerston, Northumbr. (Turner and Parker)
mansum suum de Hagerstone (Bates)
Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1902, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1343-45) p. 479 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Emery, Anthony, 1996, Greater Medieval Houses Vol. 1 (Cambridge) p. 159 King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 375n80 Bates, C.J., 1891, Border Holds of Northumberland (London and Newcastle: Andrew Reid) p. 10 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 414 online copy
Gatehouse has found no specific biographical details of Robert Haggerston but the family held the land from the C12 and were of knightly status. The term 'king's yeoman' suggests that Robert was a courtier at this time, but he does not seem to have any specific governmental function.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.
Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.