In 1345 Feb 12, Willielmus de Clynton, Comes Huntyngdon (William de Clinton, earl of Huntingdon for the use of his nephew John de Clynton) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 19 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Maxstok (Maxstoke Castle)
Licence for William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, to crenellate a dwelling-place to be built in Maxstok for the use of John de Clynton, his nephew, and for the latter to hold the same so crenellated to him and his heirs. By p.s. (CPR)
Willielmus de Clynton, Comes Huntyngdon ... quoddam mansum ad opus delecti nobis Johannis de Clynton, nepotis ejusdem Comitis ... Maxstok, Warr. (Turner and Parker)
Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.
King writes "Not apparently begun at this time. (1345)" but other authorites seem to have little problem with this being the date of the initial castle works.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1902, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1343-45) p. 444 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 488n22 Salzman, L.F. (ed), 1947, VCH Warwickshire Vol. 4 p. 133-6 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 414 online copy
William Clinton (d. 1354)
William Clinton (d. 1354), created earl of Huntingdon in 1337, was a close friend of Edward III and actively involved in government. He had no children and his nephew John was his acknowledged heir.
Biographical source include;
W. M. Ormrod, Sept 2004, Clinton, William, earl of Huntingdon (d. 1354) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press) online edn Jan 2008 online copy (subscription may be needed)
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.