In 1337 Aug 30, Robert, Episcopus Sarum (Bishop Robert Wyvil) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 11 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Wodeford Episcopi (Woodford Court House)
Licence for Robert, bishop of Salisbury, to crenellate the dwelling-places of his manors of Salisbury, Wodeford Bishops, Shireburn, Cherdestok, Poterne, Cannyngges, Remmesbury and Sonnyng, and of the manor of Fletstrete, London. By p.s. (CPR)
Robert, Episcopus Sarum ... mansum manerii ... Wodeford Episcopi, Wilts. (Turner and Parker)
Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.
Licensed in 1337 and licence ratified in 1377. A licence for multiple properties of the bishop.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1895, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1334-38) p. 498 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses Vol. 3 (Cambridge) p. 695 Thompson, M.W., 1998, Medieval bishops' houses in England and Wales (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing) p. 167 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 411 online copy
Robert Wyvil (d. 1375)
Robert Wyvil (d. 1375) had been Queen Isabella's secretary and Lord Privy Seal in 1327, but does not appear to have held political office after becoming bishop in 1330. The licence may represent some reconciliation between Edward III and this former minister of the regent Roger Mortimer.
The tomb of Bishop Wyvill is notable for a large brass, inlaid in a slab, showing a castle and a figure of a bishop.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.