In 1335 July 27, Ranulphus de Dacre (Ranulph de Dacre) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 9 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Naward (Naworth Castle)
Licence for Ranulph de Dacre to crenellate his dwelling-place of Naward, co. Cumberland. By p.s. (CPR)
Ranulphus de Dacre ... mansum ... Naward, Cumbr. (Turner and Parker)
Pro Ranulpho de Dacre. Rex omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis ad quos, &c. salutem. Sciatis quod de gratia nostra speciali concesimus et licentiam dedimus pro nobis et haeredibus nostris dilecto et fideli nostro Ranulpho de Dacre, quod ipse mansum suum de Naward in comitatu Cumbriae muro de petra et calce firmare et kernellare et mansum illud sic firmatum et kernellatum tenere possit sibi et haerebibus suis imperpetuum sine occasione vel impedimento nostri vel haeredum nostrorum justitiariorum vicecomitum aut aliorum ballivorum seu ministrorum nostrorum quorumcumque. In cujus, &c. Teste Rege, apud Erth. xxvij. die Julii. Pat. 9 Edw. III., p. 2, m. 20. (Hartshorne)
Granted at Airth. Grant by privy seal.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1895, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1334-38) p. 168 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Emery, Anthony, 1996, Greater Medieval Houses Vol. 1 (Cambridge) p. 263 King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum Vol. 1 (London: Kraus) p. 89 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 411 online copy Hartshorne, C.H., 1858, Feudal and Military Antiquities of Northumberland and the Scottish Borders (London) p. 94 online copy
Ranulph de Dacre (1290-1339), 1st Lord
Ranulph de Dacre (1290-1339), 1st Lord, Sheriff of Cumberland, Governor of Carlisle Castle. Son of William Dacre (see licence for Dunmalloght 1307) presumably a soldier like the rest of his family.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.