In 1332 Oct 22, Johannes de Mereworth (ad requisitionem delecti et fidelis Willielmi de Clynton) (John de Mereworth) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 6 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Cheriton (Cheriton)
Licence, at the request of William de Clynton, for John de Mereworth to crenellate his manor of Mereworth, and a chamber within his manor of Cheriton, co. Kent. By p.s. (CPR)
Johannes de Mereworth (ad requisitionem delecti et fidelis Willielmi de Clynton) ... manerium quandam cameram suam infra manerium suum de ... Cheriton, Kanc. (Turner and Parker)
Granted at York. Grant by privy seal, at the request of William de Clynton.
Licensed with Mereworth.
The wording of the licence 'a chamber within his manor of Cheriton' is unusual and such unusual wording do often seem to have some significance so possible a separate building from the manor house, presumably some sort of hunting lodge or possibly a dower house. In a number of other licences were the term camerum is used a small tower house seems to have been built.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1893, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1330-34) p. 365 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Coulson, Charles, 2007-8, 'On Crenellating, in Kent and Beyond - A Retrospection' The Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 21 p. 189-201 esp p. 195 Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses Vol. 3 (Cambridge) p. 439 King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 242n58 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 410 online copy
John de Mereworth (b. abt. 1280 d. 1366)
John de Mereworth (b. abt. 1280 d. 1366) had done service as a soldier and commissioner under Edward II and was to later serve as Sheriff of Kent under Edward III. William Clinton was a knight banneret, supported and friend of Edward III and about to created earl of Huntingdon in 1337.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.