In 1329 Jan 25, Robertus de Ardern (Robert Draiton) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 3 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Perthyng [Perchyng] (Perching Manor House)
Licence for Robert de Ardern to crenellate his dwelling houses of Dratton, co. Oxford, and Perchyng, co. Sussex. By p.s. (CPR)
Robertus de Ardern ... mansum suum ... Perthyng, Sussex. (Turner and Parker)
The king to all bailiffs and his liegemen, to whom, &c., greeting Know that of our special grace we have granted and given on behalf of ourselves and our heirs, to our beloved and faithful Robert de Ardern, that he may fortify with a wall of stone and lime, and krenellate his manses of Dratton, in the County of Oxford, and of Perching, in the County of Sussex, and may hold them so fortified and krenellated for himself and his heirs for ever, without penalty or impediment from its, or our heirs, sheriffs, or others our bailiffs or officers whosoever. In witness whereof, &c. Witness the king at St. Albans, on the 25th day of January. (Pat. 3 Edw. IlI., p. 1, m. 38) (Blaauw)
Granted at St. Albans. Grant by privy seal.
licensed 1260, 1264, 1268, 1329. This licence issued together with one for Dratton Oxfordshire.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1891, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1327-30) p. 357 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses Vol. 3 (Cambridge) p. 439 King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 479n54 Blaauw, William Henry, 1861, ' Royal Licenses to Fortify Towns and Houses in Sussex' Sussex Archaeological Collections Vol. 13 p. 111 online copy Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 409 online copy
Robert was part of commission of oyer and terminer in 1328 but Gatehouse otherwise unable to identify his biography.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.