In 1327 Oct 7, Edmundus de Bereford, dilectus clericus noster (Edmund Bereford) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 1 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Langele (Langley)
Licence for Edmund de Bereford, king's clerk, to crenellate the dwelling- house of his manor of Langele, co. Warwick. By p.s. (CPR)
Edmundus de Bereford, dilectus clericus noster ... mansum manerii sui ... Langele, Warr. (Turner and Parker)
Granted at Nottingham. Grant by privy seal.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1891, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1327-30) p. 179 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 488n37 Salzman, L.F. (ed), 1947, 'The borough of Sutton Coldfield' VCH Warwickshire Vol. 4 p. 230-45 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 408 online copy
Edmund father William de Bereford's had been Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and had survived in post throughout Edward II's reign. At the time of this licence Edmund was in his late 20's and his father had only just died. Edmund remained in royal service but never achieved the high office of his father. Is this licence more a reward to his father? Did his father actual start the application?
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.