In 1327 Aug 31, Decanus et Capitulum ecclesiae beatae Mariae were granted, by Edward III, (In year 1 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Sarum (Salisbury Cathedral Close)
Licence, at the request of Walter de London, king's chaplain and almoner, for the dean and chapter of Salisbury to crenellate the close of their church. By p.s. (CPR)
Decanus et Capitulum ecclesiae beatae Mariae (at the request of our beloved chaplain, Walter de London, our almoner) ... clausum ecclesiae praedictae ... Sarum, Wilts. (Turner and Parker)
Granted at Nottingham. Grant by privy seal [at the request of our beloved chaplain, Walter de London, our almoner].
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1891, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1327-30) p. 159 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Thompson, M.W., 1998, Medieval bishops' houses in England and Wales (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing) p. 167 Coulson, C., 1982, 'Hierarchism in Conventual Crenellation' Medieval Archaeology Vol. 26 p. 93 online copy Crittal, Eliz. (ed), 1962, 'Salisbury: The liberty of the close' VCH Wiltshire Vol. 6 p. 72-9 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 408 online copy
Walter de London was the king's almoner.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.