In 1316 June 22, Adam le Bret (at the request of Alicia de Leyegrave) (Adam Brett) was granted, by Edward II, (In year 9 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Torneston [Torveston] (Torweston Manor, Sampford Brett)
Licence, granted at the instance of Alice de la Leyegrave, for Adam le Bret to crenellate his dwelling place at Torveston, co. Somerset. By K. (CPR)
Adam le Bret ... mansum suum ... Torneston, Somerset. (This grant is said, in the Roll, to be have been made at the request of Alicia de Leyegrave, who is afterwards described, Pat. an. 10 E II., p. 1 m. 33, as "nitrix nostra.". (Turner and Parker)
Granted at Westminster. Grant by King, at the instance of Alice de la Leyegrave.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1898, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1313-17) p. 480 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses Vol. 3 (Cambridge) p. 695 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 407 online copy
Alice de Leygrave had been the King's wet nurse and was, at this time, part of Queen Isabella's household.
Although styled Lord of Torveston and Samford in one deed Adam seems to have been a minor knight with little holdings. Gatehouse has not established the link with Alice Leygrave
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.