In 1270 July 25, Thomas de Furnivall (Thomas de Furnival) was granted, by Henry III, (In year 54 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Shefeld. (Sheffield Castle)
Grant to Thomas de Furnivall that at his manor of Shefeld, co. York, he may build a stone castle and fortify and crenellate it. (CPR)
Thomas de Furnivall ... castrum lapideum apud manerium suum ... Shefeld., Ebor. (Turner and Parker)
Henricus Dei gratia Rex Angliae &c.Omnibus &c. salutem. Sciatis quod concessimus pro nobis et heredibus nostris dilecto et fideli nostro Thomae de Furnivall, quod apud manerium suum de Sheffeld in com. Ebor. quod castrum lapideum construere firmare et kernellare, et castrum illud sic constructum firmatum et kernellatum sibi et heredibus suis tenere possit imperpetuum. T. meipso Westm. xxii die Julii anno regni nostri liiii. (Hunter citing a quo warranto of the next reign)
Granted at Westminster.
A rare mention of a castle in a licence, Sheffield timber castle had been destroyed by John de Eyvill's 'disinherited' forces of Simon de Montfort in the Baron's War in 1266.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1913, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1266-72) p. 447 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 540n133 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 403 online copy Hunter, Joseph, 1819, The History and Topography of the parish of Sheffield in the county of York (London) p. 37 online copy
Thomas de Furnival (c.1238-1291)
Thomas de Furnival (c.1238-1291), son of crusading knight and presumably a royalist in the Baron's War but otherwise fairly obscure. Not a courtier or other significant royal service. The granting of a licence to John de Eyvill (possibly under duress) in 1264 may also be part of the reason for getting this licence.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.