In 1264 March 16, Rogerus de Sumery (Roger de Somery; Roger de Someri) was granted, by Henry III, (In year 48 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Welegh. (Weoley Castle)
Licence for Roger de Sumery and his heirs to enclose the dwelling-place of his manor of Duddeleg, co. Stafford, and of Welegh, co. Worcester, with a ditch and a wall of stone and lime, and to fortify and crenellate it. (CPR)
Rogerus de Sumery ... mansum manerii sui ... Welegh. Wigorn. (Turner and Parker)
Granted at Oxford.
Original source is;
Lyte, H.C. Maxwell (ed), 1910, Calendar of Patent Rolls (1258-66) p. 307 online copy
(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation
of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be
noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or
early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect
the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to
the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)
Significant later sources are;
King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 488n28 Willis-Bund, J.W., 1913, 'Parishes: Northfield' VCH Worcestershire p. 194-201 Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 part 2 p. 402 online copy
Roger de Somery (1208-1273)
Roger de Somery (1208-1273) Roger was a royalist during the Baron's War. In 1266 he was one of the authors of the Dictum of Kenilworth, which ended the Baron's War. Dudley had been 'demolished' in 1175 by Henry II because of the rebellion of Gervase Paganel. The de Someri's gained the castle through marriage to his daughter and heiress. Some of the rebuilding work may date to this time but the castle would have been a reasonable powerful stronghold anyway.
More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.
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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.