Roger St John (b.c. 1221-1265)
Roger St John (b.c. 1221-1265). In his early manhood he was in evident connection with the Court, and (like his mother) had gifts of deer from the King. He was going with the King to Gascony in 1253; was a knight by 1256; was summoned in August 1260 for service against Llewelyn (and again in May 1263); and in October 1261, to London with all possible forces, in a matter touching the King and Crown. Already in 1258 his sympathies were plainly with the baronial reformers. After the Baronial victory at Lewes (14 May 1264) He became the king's secretary (in 1265), constable of Oxford and a member of the, de Monfort set up, royal Council of Nine. He was killed at the battle of Evesham.
A fine example of the difficulties of the C19 view of licences to crenellate as documents of royal control over 'over mighty' lords. How could Henry III refuse a request for a licence to crenellate from this ambitious and well connected knight (He was married to Hugh Despensers sister). It would take a king as arrogant as Henry to put in the proviso about being faithful but any other king would know he needed as many friends as he could get and would be doing their utmost to not offend an effective soldier like Roger.
The St John's obtained the manor in parts up to 1251. However, Roger may have been a younger son and this may have been his portion requiring some additional confirmation of ownership.
Biographical source include;
- Cokayne, G. E., 2000, Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom (Sutton Publishing Ltd) Page: XI:348
Burke, John,1831, A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance p. 458