The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 
In 1383 Nov 26, Thomas de Hungreford (Sir Thomas Hungerford) was granted, by Richard II, (In year 7 of his reign) a Royal Pardon licence to crenellate Farle Mountford (Farleigh Hungerford Castle)
Pardon to Thomas de Hungreford, knight, for crenellating the mansion house of his manor of Farle Mountfort, co. Somerset, without licence. By K. and for 1 mark paid in the hanaper. (CPR)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by King and for 1 mark paid in the hanaper.


Sir Thomas Hungerford, who was pardoned for crenellating without licence in 1383. King writes "The fine imposed was only 1 mark; the authorities can hardly have been much incensed at this technical offence." This was a fine not an amercement (as implied by King - who seems to have, incorrectly, given the modern meaning to the medieval term) so expressly a fee for the pardon and a fee that would have barely covered the costs of administration (giving the expense of parchment, silks and beeswax).

His petition, in French, requesting the licence without making a fine or paying a fee survives in The National Archives and can be freely obtain from them.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Hungerford, Sir Thomas (b. in or before 1328, d. 1397)
Hungerford, Sir Thomas (b. in or before 1328, d. 1397), landowner and speaker of the House of Commons. John of Gaunt's chief steward 1275-1393. His powerful position, as Gaunt's chief steward rather than speaker, may have provoked some concern either locally or nationally so that the pardon became needed to alleviate anxiety about his building work.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.