The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1372 Nov 26, Cives et probi homines civitatis were granted, by Edward III, (In year 46 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Novae Sarum (Salisbury City Defences)
Licence for the citizens and good men of Salisbury to crenellate their city. By p.s. (CPR)

Cives et probi homines civitatis ... civitatem ... Salisbury, Wilts. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.


Licence to crenellate granted 1372, ratified in 1377, may have resulted in bank and palisade. Also granted licence in 1328.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.