The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1355 June 25, Gilbert, Episcopus Karliol (Gilbert de Welton) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 29 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate La Rose (Rose Castle)
Licence for Gilbert, bishop of Carlisle to crenellate his dwelling-place of La Rose. By K. (CPR)

Gilbert, Episcopus Karliol ... mansum ... La Rose. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by King.


Another licence to crenellate Rose Castle could not have been 'required' (Bishop John Kirkby had obtained one in 1336). This licence must have functioned as a reward for service and a further assertion of royal support to Gilbert.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Gilbert Welton (or Gilbert de Wilton) (d. 1362)
Gilbert Welton (or Gilbert de Wilton). Selected 13 February 1353 and consecrated 21 April 1353. Died 1362. 'The king constituted this relate one of the wardens of the west marches, in 1359; and he was several times appointed commissioner to effect a peace with Scotland.' (Mannix & Whellan, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cumberland, 1847) In fact a fairly undistinguished career for a bishop of Carlisle.

Gilbert was well qualified and experienced in diocesan administration in the 1340s. He had been a royal, secular, clerk in the 1350s, mainly treating with the Scots. He was appointed by the king against the wishes of the canons of Carlisle, who had elected their prior. (Barrell, 2002, pp. 193-4).

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.