The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 
In 1354 Nov 1, the bailiffs and good men of Ipswich were supposedly granted, by Edward III, (In year 28 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate (Ipswich)
Notification that the bailiffs and good men of Ipswich have surrendered to the king in the chancery his letters patent dated 22 July, 26 Edward III, granting to them certain customs. (CPR)

Granted at Westminster.

Although this document has been considered by some as a licence to crenellate it is rejected as a licence.


Turner calls this a revoking of the licence to crenellate. It is clearly a revoking of the grant of murage for six years (not noted by Turner) given at the same time as the licence to crenellate, not a revoking of this licence.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.