The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 
In 1346 April 10, Homines villae de Penereth were granted, by Edward III, (In year 20 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Penereth (Penrith Town Wall)
Licence for the good men of Penereth to crenellate their town. By p.s. (CPR)

Homines villae de Penereth ... villam predictam ... Penereth. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.


Licence to crenellate 1346, Murage grants received in 1346 and 1391. It is not certain how much work was done. This close to the Scottish border defence may have been a real concern but the lack of work done suggests that the perception of danger, rather than the reality, was the concern.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.