The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 
In 1322 March 13, Robertus de Leyburn (Robert de Leyburn) was granted, by Edward II, (In year 15 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Aykhurst [Dykhurst] (Hayes Castle)
Licence for Robert de Leyburn to crenellate his dwelling-place of Aykhurst, co. Cumberland. By p.s. (CPR)

Robertus de Leyburn ... mansum ... Dykhurst, Cumbr. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Derby. Grant by privy seal.


Parker writes licensed under name Dykehurst presumable a different interpretations of original script.
Sheriff of Lancaster in 1322 and 1326.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Robert de Leyburn (1273-1327)
Robert de Leyburn: From Aykhurst in Cumberland, but also with lands in Hope and Salford. He was born in 1273, and married Sarah de Harcla in about 1316. During his period as sheriff, Lancaster Castle was sacked by Robert the Bruce (following his victory at Bannockburn in 1321), and both William and Richard de Preston were ordered by Edward II to render aid to Robert de Leyburn. At around this time Robert was also keeper of Egremont Castle; he died in 1327 (Penny)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.