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In 1307 Aug 24, Ricardus le Brun (Richard de Broyne) was granted, by Edward II, (In year 1 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Drombogh (Drumburgh Castle)
Licence to Robert (sic) le Brun to crenellate his dwelling-house of Drombogh, co. Cumberland, in the Marches of Scotland. By p.s. (CPR)

Ricardus le Brun ... mansum suum ... Drombogh in marchia Scotiae, Cumbr. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Cumnock. Grant by privy seal.


This licence is occasional mis-attributed to Brougham Hall. Probably the original Patent Roll is a particularly difficult document to transcribe which may also explain the Richardus - Robertus transcriptions. Richard seems correct. One of three licences of this date given to lords in Cumberland shortly after Edward I death at Burgh-by-Sands on 7 July, this effectively marked the end of this Scottish campaign. Licence given as a reward and possibly as a preparation against a Scottish counter-campaign.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Richard le Brun (1259-1312/13)
Richard le Brun (1259-1312/13), in 1302 keeper of the March of Scotland.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.