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In 1307 April 24, Mathias de Monte Martini (Matthew de Mount Martin; de Montmarte) was granted, by Edward I, (In year 35 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Burn. [Burne] (Westbourne)
Licence for Matthias de Monte Martini to crenellate his dwelling-place of Burne, co. Sussex. By p.s. (CPR)

Mathias de Monte Martini ... mansum suum ... Burn., Sussex. (Turner and Parker)

April 24, 1307, For Matthew de Mount Martin. The King to all bailiffs, &c., greeting. Know ye that of our special grace we have granted and given license, on behalf of ourselves and our heirs, as much as in us lies to our beloved and faithful Matthew de Mount Martin, to enclose and crenellate his manseof Burn, in the county of Sussex, with a wall of stone and lime, and may hold that manse so enclosed and crenellated for himself and his heirs for ever without penalty or impediment from us or our heirs, justiciaries, sheriffs, or others, our bailiffs or officers whosoever. In witness whereof, &c. Dated Carlisle, 24 April. (Blaauw)

Granted at Carlisle. Grant by privy seal.


In 1307 Matthew de Mount Martin was granted a licence to crenellate his manse of Burn (now Westbourne). The site has not been located.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Matthew de Mount Martini
Gatehouse has not been able to identify Matthew. An Edward (Odard) de Monte Martini was a clerk to the king and John de Monte Martini was Prior at Lewes at this time. Mattheo de Monte Martini seems to have been paid 70 marks of a debt to the king in 1305. (Williard, p. 88) Edward I was laid up at Lanercost Priory dying and in pain so probably not much personally involved in this licence.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.