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In 1195, William de Botterell (Botreaux) was supposedly granted, by Richard I, a Royal licence to crenellate (Matefelun)

Although this document has been considered by some as a licence to crenellate it is rejected as a licence.


In 1195 William de Botterell was granted permission to fortify a house at Matefelun, and received ten marks to help pay for the work. Not, in a meaningful sense, a licence to crenellate although has been called this by some.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

The Botterell's held land in Shropshire and Cornwall and seem to be of the knightly class, but Gatehouse can not find biographical details of this specific William.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.