The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 
In 1491 Nov 8, Thomas, earl of Ormonde (Thomas Butler) was granted, by Henry VII, (In year 7 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Newehall (New Hall, Boreham)
Licence for Thomas earl of Ormond to build walls and towers of stone, lime, sand and 'brike' round and within the manor of Newehall, co. Essex, and to crenellate and machicolate the same so to hold the same for ever, also to impark 1,000 acres of land, wood, meadow, pasture, heath and moor in the parishes of Boram, Springfelde, and Little Waltham, co. Essex; and to have free-warren for ever in the said manor. By p.s. (CPR)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.


Licence to crenellate granted to Thomas, earl of Ormonde in 1491 for the house then called Walkfares.
His main estates had been in Ireland but he had some difficulty in claiming this from Piers Butler (ultimately to become 8th earl of Ormond) so this may be an alternative English home, although, more likely, a hunting lodge with easy reach of the court at Westminster.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Thomas Butler, seventh earl of Ormond (c.1424–1515)
Thomas Butler, seventh earl of Ormond (c.1424–1515). He was attainted, but restored by Henry VII' s first Parliament, November 1485, and the statutes made at Westminster, by Edward IV, which declared him and his brothers traitors, were utterly abrogated. He was afterwards sworn of the Privy Council of England, and had summons to Parliament, 14 November 1495, as "Thomas Ormond de Rochford.”

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.