The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1457 Dec 7, John Wolf was granted, by Henry VI, (In year 36 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Kentysbery (Kentisbury Barton)
Grant, of special grace, to John Wolf, king's esquire, and his heirs, of free warren in all their lands belonging to their manor of Kentysbery, co. Devon; grant also to the said John of licence to enclose his said manor with a wall of stones and mortar and to build a tower or towers there and to embattle, crenellate and machicolate the said wall and towers, and so to hold them to him and his heirs. (CChR)

Granted at Reading. Grant by King and of the said date etc. {by authority of parliament}.


Licence must have been facilitated by the intervention of bishop Waynflete.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

John Wolf (1425-1483)
Servant to Bishop of Winchester. MP Taunton 1453-4; Downton 1459; Taunton 1460-1 and probably somewhere 1470-1. Minor royal service as controller of customs and deputy butler in Bridgewater from 1458. Full time career as servant of William Waynflete, the Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor of England.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.