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In 1448 Jan 20, John Norys (John Norris; Noryes; Norreyes) was granted, by Henry VI, (In year 26 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Yattingden, Wele and Firmsham (Yattendon Manor)
Grant, of special grace, to John Norys, esquire, of power to enclose 600 acres of land and wood of his demense lands and woods in Yattingden, Wele and Firmisham and to make a park and warren of them and with stone, sand and mortar (calce) to fortify his manor there with turrets, battlements and machiolations and to hold the said manor, park and warren to him and his heirs for ever. (CChR)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal and of the said date etc. {by authority of parliament}.


Clearly a man much involved with the cut and thrust of Court politics and, thus, with many enemies but licence would seem most likely a reward for services to the Crown.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

John Norris (1405-1466)
John Norris (1405-1466) courtier, friend of John Pury (granted a licence for Chamberhouse in 1446), they were part of guild formed in 1451 (CRP p. 576).
Usher of the Chamber 1429-40; Squire of the Body 1441-60; Keeper of the Great Wardrobe 1444-6 MP Berks 1439-40, Oxon 1442, Berks 1445-6, 1447, 1449, 1449-50, 1450-1; Berks and Truro 1453-4; (? Berks 1455-6)
Numerous royal appointments both at court (ie King's serjt. and usher of the chamber) and in the country (ie keeper of the artillery in Chester and Caernarfon). Sheriff of several different counties almost continually from 1437-49. Probably lived in service at Windsor castle. Obtained several pardons. decounced in parliament but pardoned. Several other non royal positions (ie Steward to chancellor of Oxford University). (dervided from Wedgewood)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.