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In 1406 Jan 15, Johannes de Stanley, miles was granted, by Henry IV, (In year 7 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Lyverpole (Liverpool, Stanley Tower)
Licence for the king's knight John de Stanley, steward of the household, to crenellate a house which he has built in the town of Lyverpole co. Lancaster. By p.s. (CPR)

Johannes de Stanley, miles ... quandam domum quam ipse de ... Lyverpole, Lanc. (Turner and Parker)

REX omnibus ad quos presentes littere peruenerint Salutem. SCIATIS quod de gratia nostra speciali concessimus et licenciam dedimus pro nobis et heredibus nostris quantum in nobis est dilecto et fideli militi nostro JOHANNI DE STANLEY seneschallo hospicii nostri quod ipse quandam domum quam ipse in villa de Lyuerpole in comitatu Lancastrie de novo construxit de petra et calce BATELLARE ET KERNELLARE et eam sic batellatam et kernellatam tenere possit sibi et heredibus suis imperpetuum absque impeticione seu perturbacione nostri vel heredum nostorum aut officiariorum seu ministrorum nostrorum quorumcumque. IN cuius etc. T.R. apud Westmonasterium quintodecimo die Januarii. Per breve de priuato Sigillo. (Stewart-Brown)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Stanley, Sir John (c.1350–1414)
Stanley, Sir John (c.1350–1414), soldier and administrator. Stanley's career reached its peak in the aftermath of the Percys' rebellion. In 1405 he was rewarded with a grant of the lordship of the Isle of Man, forfeited by Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland, which gave his lineage a crown. Around the same time he became steward of the king's household, and secured election as a knight of the Garter. (Bennett)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.