The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1379 July 26, Johannes d' Arundell, miles (John Darundell; Sir John Fitzalan) was granted, by Richard II, (In year 3 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Bechesworth (Betchworth Castle)
Licence for the king's kinsman, John Darundell, knight, to crenellate his dwelling-house of Bechesworth, co. Surrey, to enclose his wood of Herteswode, and to impark 360 acres of land adjacent thereto. By p.s. (CPR)

Johannes d' Arundell, miles ... mansum ... Bechesworth, Surr. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.


also enclose his wood of Herteswode and impark 360 acres of adjacent land.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

John FitzAlan, (D' Arundel) 1st Baron Arundel (c. 1348 – December 16, 1379)
John FitzAlan, (D' Arundel) 1st Baron Arundel (c. 1348 – December 16, 1379) was a Marshal of England. He died a few months later commanding a naval force supposedly bring relief to the Duke of Brittany. His relationship to the king was distant and the mention of his kinship is an honourific. This licence given before the expedition set off, at a time when Arundel did not restrain his men and they were involved in theft and rape and abduction of nuns.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.