The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1378 Nov 26, Johannes de Fenwyk was granted, by Richard II, (In year 2 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Fenwyk (Fenwick Tower, Matfen)
Licence for John de Fenwyk to crenellate his dwelling-house or manor of Fenwyk, co. Northumberland. By p.s (CPR)

Johannes de Fenwyk ... mansum sive manerium ... Fenwyk, Northumbr. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

John Fenwick (1340- )
John Fenwick (1340- ), seems to have been sheriff of Northumberland on a couple of occasions and to do other service in the north, including, presumably, some military service.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.